Alopecia areata is the most common type of hair loss. It is an autoimmune disease that origins round, bald patches on the head and maybe on the other parts of the body as well. The infection is erratic and has no cure. It affects the hair follicles, which are part of the skin from which hairs grow. It is not necessary that people of old age only suffers from Alopecia Aerata. Any one can have this problem of hair loss in any age and it usually begins in childhood. Nowadays most of the people begin experiencing symptoms during childhood.
There is very less chances that Alopecia aerata disease is inherited from parents. The majority of children with alopecia areata do not have a parent with the disease, and the huge majority of parents who are suffering from alopecia areata do not surpass the disease on to their children. It is extremely improbable that a child would take over all of the genes that are required to influence him or her to the disease.
Still if a child acquires any kind of genes combination of good or bad genes, there are nil chances of having alopecia areata. Even in the case of identical twins that have same genes have alopecia aerata and other have very less chances of having alopecia areata. So this shows that there can be other reasons of having the disease.
Causes of Alopecia areata: It is an autoimmune infection that harms the hair roots that put off hair growth. The hair follicles are active and fine, but do not generate hair as long as the body continues to assault the roots. The immune system which is planned to guard the body from foreign attackers such as viruses and bacteria incorrectly attacks its own body. In alopecia areata, the immune system harms the hair follicles, which can lead to hair loss on the scalp and elsewhere.
Symptoms in Children: The main symptom of alopecia aerata in children is random bald patches or hair loss on the scalp or elsewhere. In many cases, hair falls out in small, round patches about the size of a quarter. Though most children with alopecia areata get only a few exposed patches, but some may lose more hair. Due to this uncommon disease in children they can have complete hair loss on the head or either they can have complete hair loss from the whole body.
Treatment: Till date there is no permanent cure for alopecia areata in children and there are no medications that are permitted for this treatment. Doctors may prescribe medications that are approved for other diseases to help hair grow back. Treatments options for alopecia areata in children typically involve an ointment or cream.
Many Children, teens, and young adults are affected by alopecia aerata syndrome. The impact of total hair loss shatters the self-confidence of the children. But the impact of alopecia aerata physically is very less on the children who are suffering from it. Like it is not a painful disease and does not make people feel sick physically. It does not reduce life expectancy. Children who have alopecia aerata are generally healthy and they have the ability to achieve their goals as going to school, working, marrying, raising a family, playing sports, and exercising.