Most hair care professionals recommend using a pH balanced shampoo to keep the hair healthy, strong, and shiny.
The term “pH balance” is an indicator of how acidic or alkaline the shampoo is. The pH of a certain shampoo can be formulated to obtain a specific result.
For instance, a clarifying shampoo is designed to be slightly alkaline whereas a conditioning shampoo is formulated to be slightly acidic.
The word “pH” is oftentimes associated with the acidity or alkalinity of a liquid solution. It stands for “potential hydrogen” which is derived from two Latin terms, pondus andhydrogenii.
A solution with a pH less than 7 is said to be acidic and a solution with a pH greater than 7 falls under basic or alkaline.
The pH Level Variations
The pH levels in shampoos mostly depend on their ingredients. Good-quality shampoos must have a pH level of 5-7. On the other hand, a shampoo with a pH level higher or lower than 5-7 may strip your hair of its natural oils, making your hair strands dry and brittle.
Benefits of Using a pH Balanced Shampoo
Using a pH balanced shampoo is essential since it closes the hair's outer surface referred to as the cuticle layer. A closed cuticle layer helps maintain the smoothness and shine of the hair strands as well as avoid damaging the inner layer of the hair follicle known as the cortex.
In addition, a shampoo that is pH balanced helps remove dirt and excess oil off the scalp and the hair without damaging the hair strands.
Alkaline versus Acidic Shampoos
A shampoo which is more acidic has a pH level of about 0-7. A conditioning shampoo needs to be acidic so that it can nourish and condition the scalp to attain softer and smoother hair strands.
A shampoo which has a higher pH level (that is, 7.1-14) is said to be more alkaline. Shampoos which have high pH levels can remove the natural oil or sebum in the scalp, eventually making the hair strands dry, brittle, and prone to damage.
Finding a suitable hair care shampoo means choosing a product that has a balanced pH level. Before you purchase a shampoo, make sure to read the pH levels. By doing this, you can prevent your hair from becoming too dry and damaged as well as encourage its healthier growth.